Potential ethical conflicts between dominants cientific and technological paradigms and improving the well-being of the population in some emergin economics

In recent years, some emerging countries such as China, India and Brazil, have been major advances in the area of scientific and technological innovation. This article is a first approach to the ethical dilemmas that arise between various scientific and technological paradigms and the improvement of the well-being of the population in these countries. We evaluate the various types of knowledge (patents and intellectual property rights, traditional knowledge, grass-roots innovations and inclusive innovations) according to criteria that have to do with their local base, their objectives and the values related to these objectives. For middle and low-income countries, grass-roots innovations and inclusive innovations could favor further improving the welfare of their populations.

Mª Luz de la Cal Barredo
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