Ambivalent anxieties of the South Asian-Gulf Arab Labor Exchange

This essay explores the contradictions unleashed by the heavy reliance of Gulf Arab countries on South Asian expatriate labor. While worker remittances significantly boost the living standards of home country households, the presence of surplus labor both stimulates the emergence of a labor permits market that facilitates the annual extraction of billions of dollars and allows a modern form of indentured servitude. Despite this reality, unfavorable economic conditions cause South Asian workers to seek employment in the Gulf.

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